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Opinion "Creation of a "national referral mechanism" regarding trafic in human beings

Opinion "Creation of a "national referral mechanism" regarding trafic in human beings
Date de publication : 28/04/20
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Thème associé :
Traite et exploitation

Opinion "Creation of a "national referral mechanism" regarding trafic in human beings

With a view to ensuring the effectiveness of the rights of victims of trafficking in human beings, the CNCDH recommends that a full-fledged «national referral mechanism» for detection, identification, orientation and support of presumed and known victims of human trafficking be created in France

Abstract      

                                
PART ONE: MAKING THE PRINCIPLE OF PROTECTION CENTRAL TO “PRELIMINARY” AND “FORMAL” IDENTIFICATION                     
I. Preliminary” identification: the step initiating the protection of presumed victims          
A. “Preliminary” identification: a non-formalised step in France                  
B. Formalising the preliminary identification procedure in France: requirements for protection of presumed victims                    

  • Creating the conditions for identification: protecting, informing and allowing  time for reflection                                                 
  • Identification criteria: an initial tool for detection                    
  • Officialising the value of the expertise and role of stakeholders on the ground: an essential step to preliminary identification                         

II. Formal identification: a necessary abandonment of the condition of a presumed victim’s cooperation in the criminal investigation                       
A. Formal identification: a procedure too restricted in France                
B. Extending the formal identification procedure in France in order to better protect victims                          

  • Separating formal identification from cooperation in criminal investigations: a prerequisite of any approach based on human rights               
  • Changing perspectives: protecting victims even without their prior cooperation with the authorities helps ensure prosecution of perpetrators over the medium term          

            

PART TWO: FORMALISING PROCEDURES FOR COOPERATION BETWEEN STAKEHOLDERS AND REINFORCING SERVICES IN ORDER TO ENSURE
COMPREHENSIVE PROTECTIVE SUPPORT
                      
I. Functional services and cooperation formalised by the national referral mechanism: guarantees of the coherence of the comprehensive support provided        

II. Disruptions in support provided to victims of human trafficking: a few illustrations of structural weaknesses and functional problems            
A. "Contact persons for trafficking in human beings" in prefectures and public prosecutors’ offices: a potential to be reinforced, deployed and made aware of throughout the territory      
B. Access to protective accommodation for human trafficking victims: an under-dimensioned service                           
C. Right of residence: necessary application of existing provisions in order to remove obstacles to access to rights                  
D. Necessary reinforcement of the application of the principle of non-punishment of human trafficking victims forced to commit offences       

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